Football players have become the unfortunate poster child for sports-related head injuries in recent years, with a flood of lawsuits filed by professional players on down to those in the Pop Warner-age leagues.
Certainly, football can be a dangerous sport, and reports one of the highest rates of head injuries for any athletic activity. But it's not the only one. As the recent case of Zylstra v. Boise State University highlights, wrestling too can be hazardous to participants - especially when coaches fail to recognize possible head injury symptoms or take appropriate precautionary measures.
A 2010 study published in the Western Journal of Emergency Medicine researched numbers and characteristics of wrestling injuries among male athletes in the U.S. between 2000 and 2006. Culling figures from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System, study authors found 173,600 emergency room visits involving wrestlers between the ages of 7 and 17. Of those, 91 percent involved wrestlers 12 to 17, with an injury rate in that group of nearly 30 injuries per 1,000 wrestlers. Those included sprains, fractures and bruises, but the vast majority of injuries (75 percent) occurred above the waist (including to to the head).