Common Types of Catastrophic Injuries Include Burns and Vision Loss

This blog has already addressed head and spine injuries but North Carolina’s personal injury attorneys would like to raise awareness about other catastrophic injuries.

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Catastrophic injuries are not limited to the spinal and head areas. Loss of vision, burn injuries and amputation injuries can all be very serious and have lasting impact on the victim’s life.

Loss of vision may occur in a variety of ways. According to an article on, the leading cause of blindness in school-aged children is sports-related injuries. Many of these terrible sports-related injuries could be prevented with the proper type of eye protection.

According to research, 72 percent of all sports-related eye injuries affect individuals younger than 26 years old. Unfortunately, only 15 percent of school-aged children utilize eye protection.

Hospitals in the United States treat one sports related injury every 13 minutes. Baseball is the leading cause of sports related eye injuries in kids 14 years old and younger. It is estimated that 90 percent of all sports related eye injuries could be protected through the use of proper eye protection.

According to the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, burn injuries occur in many ways and can be caused by chemicals, electricity, nuclear radiation, heat, and sunlight. Burns are frequently caused by flammable liquids/gases and fires. There are three levels of burn severity:

• First-degree burn – this type of burn affects only the epidermis (outer layer) of the skin.
• Second-degree burn – a second degree burn damages the epidermis as well as the layer beneath the epidermis (known as the dermis).
• Third-degree burn – Third-degree burns are the most serious types of burns and involve complete destruction of the skin and its underlying tissue.

The human body reacts to a severe burn by blistering and swelling. This reaction is caused by the loss of fluid from blood vessels that were affected. Burns can frequently lead to infections as a result of the damage to the skin’s protective barrier.

Burns are usually treated by skin creams and ointments (topical antibiotics) in an effort to prevent infection. Severe burns sometimes require skin grafting, blood transfusion and extra fluids.

According to the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Amputation injuries are severe injuries resulting in the loss of a finger, toe, arm, or leg. The amputation is a result of an accident or injury.

Traumatic amputations are usually the direct result of farm, factory, motor vehicle accidents or power tool accidents. Occasionally events such as war, terrorist attacks and natural disasters can also cause traumatic amputations.

The National Institute of General Medical Sciences recommends that if an individual loses a limb in a tragic accident you should concentrate on saving the person’s life before the limb. If possible you should wrap any severed body parts in a clean, damp cloth and then place them in a plastic bag. You should then place the plastic bag in ice water. It is important not to put severed limbs directly in water.

Although this is an extremely difficult situation the National Institute of General Medical Sciences strongly suggests not raising false hopes of reattachment of severed body parts.

If you or someone you love has been injured, contact the Lee Law Offices, P.A. for a free consultation to discuss your rights. Call 1-800-887-1965.

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